Oral Health, Microbiota, Probiotics in Periodontology

Probiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of some systemic diseases in medicine. The results of current medical studies have created the basis for the use of probiotics in dentistry where various encouraging results in terms of clinical, microbiological, immunological, and biochemical aspects have been obtained. The positive effects specify the application areas of probiotics whereas inadequate and contradictory results lead to new research areas for the questions accordingly. The most widely studied probiotic microorganism in the periodontal literature belongs to genera Lactobacillus. Bifidobacterium or Streptococcus species, other periodontally important probiotic microorganisms, require further investigation to develop knowledge and experience. Based on the existing literature, this presentation aims to emphasize the known effects of probiotics on periodontal health and disease, and to point out the aspects with paucity of information that require further investigation.


After finishing dental education at Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry as the first highest ranked graduate, Prof Dr. Bahar Eren Kuru completed her PhD in the field of periodontology in 1992 at the University of Marmara, Institute of Health Sciences. She was Associate Professor in 1996 and received the title of Professor in 2002. In 1999 she has took part in a joint research project at the University College of London, Eastman Dental Institute, Oral Medicine Department. Between 2005 and 2013, she worked as the academic coordinator of the European Federation of Periodontology accredited periodontology and implantology program at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry. In 2012 she was appointed as a visiting professor for a collaborative research project on the “Effect of probiotics on Gingival Inflammation” at University of Harvard, Forsyth Institute, Boston, MA, USA. She was the president of the Turkish Society of Periodontology between 2014-2016, fellow and speaker at the International Team for Implantology and head of the periodontology department in University of Marmara, Faculty of Dentistry between 2010-2016. Since 2010 she has been the Turkish Delegate of European Federation of Periodontology and since 2016 she has been the head of the periodontology department and the director of EFP-accredited program at University of Yeditepe, Faculty of Dentistry. Prof. Eren Kuru, in 2019, has been invited to the EFP post graduate education Committee and is now working in this board.
She has national and international research awards in periodontology and implantology.